The purpose of this work is to conduct a sensitivity analysis on the magnitude of the wage gap between men and women in Chile using different specifications of models and variables of work history. The document also evaluates the extent to which the estimates of wage gaps made for Chile could be contaminated by poor specifications of these models. The work used data from the Social Protection Survey (2002 and 2004) that allows for the construction of variables of effective work history for men and women, and controls for the timing in the acquisition of that experience.
The structure of the document is as follows. Section two offers a review of the literature on wage discrimination against women in Chile. Section three presents the methodology and section four describes the data used. Subsequently the fifth part presents the results on the estimates and on wage gaps. Finally, the section six concludes.
The author finds that only 26.6% of women with up to 11 years of education and ages between 40 and 49 years have worked more than 90% of the time in the last 5 years. 55% have worked less than 10% in the same period. She concludes that stable employment is far from the norm among women of low educational level. Furthermore, she finds that more trained women have more continuous employment patterns, but they are still far from resembling the patterns of male employment.