The Participatory Irrigation Management and Development (PIMD) program was introduced in Cambodia to improve the performance of irrigation systems to achieve operational sustainability and economic development.
The objectives of the study are:
to assess the progress of PIMD with respect to the development of functional Farmer Water User Communities (FWUCs) of two contrasting cases.
to analyze the factors influencing the formation of FWUCs under different physical, socioeconomic, legal and institutional conditions.
to identify the most important factors that affect the formation of the FWUCs
Data is collected according to the following six methodologies:
secondary data on irrigation development and socioeconomics of the scheme areas available with the government departments
field survey of the physical structure and functions
field observations of farmers’ irrigation and cultivation behavior
The author recommends and concludes the following:
to use the poor services as a basis for institution building mixing it with proper system modernization and rehabilitation
the whole PIMD program should be implemented with flexibility as a learning process
the leadership of base-level small groups formed at lower-level watercourses should be limited to one position of a group leader as well as revising leadership roles to facilitate better functioning of the FWUCs
to include in the institution building process of the FWUCs the activities for capacity building of farmer leaders and farmers in organizational management
that farmer leaders should be selected after giving them a detailed description of the roles of each position before selecting them individually for each position
to develop leadership qualities rather than making payments for getting the active involvement of farmer leaders
to have more involvement of the field-level officials similar to those catalytic roles
proper system management at both the main system and field level and some physical improvements are required for farmers to get some fair share of water