Road transport plays a vital role in the efforts to uplift the economy of developing countries. The importance of road transport is more significant in the case of land locked countries such as Ethiopia because it can be used at the small scale level to satisfy the need for conveying goods and people in a given country or location. Efficient transport links can also become vital for state security and identity.
In Ethiopia road transport is growing and becoming the dominant sub sector over the other sub modes for the last couples of decades. According to the author, the share of road transport sub sector accounts for about 90 % revealing that the massive transport is becoming carried out through it in the country. Road safety achievements are associated to the development of this sector in Ethiopia ranking it as one of the few countries with high accident fatality in spite of less population.
The study examines some of the main structural and operational problems of the road transport sub sector in Ethiopia with a close look at the characteristics of the road transport mode such as backward management system, old vehicles, lack of skilled man power on the sector, disintegrated transport sector institutions relationship and communication. It then attempts to analyze a number of particular issues: the aims of road development institutions, the efficiency of road transport services, the economic advantages of a dynamic transport sector and the differences in the provision of transport services in urban and rural areas.
The main findings of the study include the following constraints:
absence of sectoral and or sub sectoral policy and comprehensive strategy
shortage of transport management and planning professionals in the sector
even though government is striving to extend modern standardized asphalted roads in the country, still the distribution is not proportional and percentage distribution is very low
poor quality of human factor development, mainly training and provision of driving skill remains a significant hindrance to road safety policies
poor attention to the environmental protection from operators and government institutions sides
there is still no integrated transport system, management and communication among the federal and regional transport offices with poor attention given to the development of non motorized transport modes and their facilities