The objective of this paper is to begin an exploratory analysis of the labor market insertion of the Brazilian population, emphasizing on possible public policies which may facilitate this task. In regards to this, the authors scrutinize Brazil’s Bolsa Familia's Program (Programa Bolsa Família), under which seventy-two million Brazilians are registered, yet only 29 million are economically active. Thereby, the paper discusses the professional training and labor market insertion of the beneficiaries of Bolsa Familia, under the light of the social vulnerability of the Brazilian working force. In order to achieve their objectives, the authors employ Brazilian census data from the National Household Survey (PNAD) for the year 2006, which is provided by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).
The document is structured in the following manner. After the introduction, section two offers a thorough account of recent social policies which have been introduced in Brazil, whereas section three analyzes the Bolsa Familia's Program by means of data from the 2006 National Household Survey (PNAD). Finally, section four delivers the final considerations on the matter.
It is concluded that the challenge of improving the productive inclusion of low-income Brazilian families into the labor market is a task that is subject to a broad set of public policies. The authors establish that in order to attain an effective labor market insertion, social policies must be accompanied by a series of incentives which encourage credit, capital investment and education, amongst other influential factors. Moreover, the document concludes on the fact that Brazil faces a social challenge that cannot be overcome by a single insertion program such as the Bolsa Família. Thereby, efforts must be done in order to integrate the various actions and programs in one cohesive policy to promote social inclusion.